humpback whale scientific name

Educate naturalists, captains, and passengers to have “SENSE” while watching whales. Keep your distance. Here are some tips to avoid collisions: Keep a sharp lookout. Females produce a single calf, on average every 2 to 3 years, although annual calving has been documented in some individuals. Favorite Answer. Humpbacks are particularly susceptible to parasites, perhaps because of their slow swimming speed. Mammals have hair, at least at some stage in their development. Baleen whale, (suborder Mysticeti), also called toothless whale, any cetacean possessing unique epidermal modifications of the mouth called baleen, which is used to filter food from water. In 1992, the U.S. Congress created the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary to protect humpback whales and their habitat around Hawaii. Given that individuals are easily recognizable, a broad-scale photo-ID … All rights reserved. Scientific name: Megaptera novaeangliae Length: 48 to 62.5 feet Weight: 25 to 40 tons Lifespan: 30 to 40 years Status: Gulf of Maine humpbacks were removed from the US Endangered Species List in 2016, but continue to be classified as endangered under the US Marine Mammal Protection Act Population: Between 120,000 to 150,000. In the Pacific, we implemented the Pacific Offshore Cetacean Take Reduction Plan to reduce mortalities and serious injuries of several marine mammal stocks, including humpback whales, incidentally injured in the California thresher shark/swordfish drift gillnet fishery. The humpback whale takes its common name from the distinctive hump on its back. BDMLR has successfully released entangled humpbacks in Scotland, Devon and even as far as Iceland thanks to our specialist Large Whale Disentanglement Team. While breeding hasn’t been directly observed, it is believed that males are competing for access to females. The Humpback Whale Studies Program is the longest continuous research program at CCS. Scientific name Megaptera novaeangliae Where does it get its name? Monitoring Humpback Whale Predation On Herring In Prince William Sound Humpback whales likely have no sense of smell. Although the humpback is the only species in the genus Megaptera, it is related to other rorquals of the family Balaenopteridae, including the blue whale, fin whale, and sei whale. The main threats... Whaling – humpback whales are still hunted in west Greenland and on Bequia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines. They have dark backs, light bellies, pleats on their throats, and a small hump in front of their dorsal fin, leading to the common name of "humpback.". Humpback Whale - Name: Humpback Whale, Scientific Name: Megaptera novaeangliae, Ocean: Worldwide, Mass: 66,000 lbs, Length: Male: 43 – 46 ft. Collaborating with international scientists to track the movements and behavior of humpback whales as they migrate across international boundaries. Numerous organizations around the country are trained and ready to respond. Unique patterns on the underside of their tail flukes, as well as unique dorsal fins, make individual whales identifiable to scientists and researchers. Suborder Mysticeti (baleen whales or mysticetes) Family Scientific name IWC Common name . Information from these research projects can be used to inform management actions that protect the humpback whale and reduce their human-related mortalities. There is a whole list of scientific pronunciations on my source link, it is in alphabetical order. The ultimate goal of the Humpback Whale Recovery Plan is to help humpback whales thrive, allowing every population to be reclassified from “endangered” to “threatened,” and ultimately removed from the ESA's list of threatened and endangered species. Humpback whales feed on shrimp-like crustaceans (krill) and small fish, straining huge volumes of ocean water through their baleen plates that act like a sieve. Scientific name: Megaptera novaenanglia. Humpback whales belong to the family of baleen whales known as rorquals. In general, humpback whales are well-known for their energetic displays of breaching and lobtailing, although the reason for these behaviours is not fully understood. Never approach or try to save an injured or entangled animal yourself—it can be dangerous to both the animal and you. For example, the blue whale is known by two names. NOAA Fisheries conducts research on the biology, behavior, and ecology of the humpback whale. Family Physeteridae. Humpback whale flukes can be up to 18 feet wide—they are serrated along the trailing edge, and pointed at the tips. Humpback whales use various techniques to help them herd, corral, and disorient their prey, which can involve the use of bubbles, sounds, and even their pectoral fins. Calves nurse from and stay near to their mothers for up to one year before weaning. Map showing locations of the 14 distinct population segments of humpback whales worldwide. Elsewhere, throughout their range they tend to look more like their cousins the Indian Ocean humpback dolphin and are uniformly grey. Vessel strikes, Responding to dead, injured, or entangled humpback whales. Because of an absence of teeth (which can be used to estimate age in other mammals), it is difficult to tell the age of a humpback whale but they are believed to … This page links to articles and other media featuring our staff and their research. Suborder Odontoceti (toothed whales or odontocetes) Family Scientific name IWC Common name . Novaeangliae for New England where the humpback was first described scientifically. Other members of this family include the blue whale, fin whale, and minke whale. Top. Megaptera novaeangliae: meg-uh-TER-uh NOH-vee-ANG-lee-dee. 1 decade ago. The latter portion of the humpback’s species name is a Latin reference to the New England colonies, where it was first scientifically described. The scientific name for the humpback whale is, “Megaptera novaeangliae”. About scientific research. Today it is the best known of all the large cetaceans. The Humpback Whale has distinctive knobbly protuberances on the head and long flippers making this one of the most easily recognised of the large baleen whales. Its name is derived from the hump under the dorsal fin, which is particularly noticeable when the whale arches its back to dive. Collect as much data as possible from dead whales through our Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Program. 3. The humpback whale was the first to be studied in its natural environment and knowledge of this species has progressed rapidly in recent years. Humpback whales are found in every ocean … 4 Answers. The scientific name for a humpback is Megaptera novaeangliae, that means “big-winged New Englander”, for the biggest population of humpback whales are to be found near New England and best known by the Europeans. Kogia breviceps . NOAA Fisheries co-manages the sanctuary with the State of Hawaii, conducts research on humpback whales, and operates a sanctuary education and learning center. The word "rorqual" means "tube whale or furrowed whale", referring to the pleats on the lower jaws of rorquals. These whales have long pleats (or grooves) that run from the tip of their rostrum to … The common name “Humpback” came from the curvature of their back when diving. The humpback whale was the first to be studied in its natural environment and knowledge of this species has progressed rapidly in recent years. Photo: NOAA Fisheries. Some strandings can serve as indicators of ocean health, giving insight into larger environmental issues that can have implications for human health and welfare. Advocating for voluntary speed reductions in Dynamic Management Areas. Humpbacks are famous for their haunting, melodic songs and for their ability to do acrobatic tricks in the water. Humpback whale feeding grounds are generally in cold, productive waters. Of the 14 distinct populations, 12 are estimated to number more than 2,000 humpback whales each and two are estimated to number fewer than 2,000. Some populations (such as those off eastern and western Australia) are believed to number in excess of 20,000 animals—a remarkable recovery given that the same populations were almost eradicated by whaling almost sixty years ago. Some populations swim 5,000 miles from tropical breeding grounds to colder, more productive feeding grounds. It refers to their giant pectoral fins, which can grow up to 16 feet long, and their appearance off the coast of New England, where European whalers first encountered them. NOAA Fisheries is dedicated to the conservation of humpback whales. Our scientists and partners use a variety of innovative techniques to study, protect, and rescue/disentangle humpback whales. Humpbacks migrate annually from summer feeding grounds near the poles to warmer winter breeding waters closer to the Equator. They often observed humpbacks in shallow waters, including Long Although the cause often remains unknown, scientists can sometimes identify strandings due to disease, harmful algal blooms, vessel strikes, fishing gear entanglements, pollution exposure, and underwater noise. NOAA Fisheries developed a recovery plan in 1991 to identify actions that would advance the recovery of this species and protect its habitats. Humpback whales are normally pretty solitary—scientists ... this time of year. The results of this research are used to inform management decisions and enhance recovery efforts for this ecologically, economically, and socially important species that is endangered in certain areas. Read the recovery plan for the humpback whale, Together with our partners, we undertake numerous activities to support the directives of the humpback whale recovery plan, protect humpbacks, and reduce adverse impacts from human activities.Â. Family: Balaenoteridae Species: Megaptera novaeangliae Common Name: Humpback Whale. Males also sing complex songs for hours that can be heard 20 miles away—the low-frequency portions of the song are audible much farther in deep water. Both Alaska and Hawaii have specific guidance and requirements for minimizing whale watching impacts from tourism on humpback whales and other marine animals. ; Ship strikes – humpback whales are highly vulnerable to injury by ship strike, a tragedy that is almost always fatal. Family Physeteridae. Today, the biggest threats to humpback whales are collisions with ships and entanglement in fishing gear. Each family has a scientific name and a common name. Answer Save. NOAA Fisheries worked worldwide to identify and apply protections for humpback whales. Humpback whales are found in every ocean in the world. Relevance. Megaptera novaeangliae: meg-uh-TER-uh NOH-vee-ANG-lee-dee. Commercial whaling severely reduced humpback whale numbers from historical levels, and the United States listed all humpback whales as endangered in 1970. Our research on the population dynamics, diet and foraging behavior, distribution, and movement patterns of humpback whales provides information crucial for understanding and protecting humpback whale populations in Alaska. Broad habitat areas and long migrations make it difficult to estimate population size. Your Support is Appreciated Conservation status: Least concern. Aerial view of a blue whale. Finback Whale. The humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, is a robust whale, thickened about the middle, then tapering quickly after the dorsal hump and fin. How to identify Humpback whales are unmistakable, thanks to their unique knobbly head and the long wing-like front flippers that they often raise and slap on the surface. They travel incredible distances every year and have one of the longest migrations of any mammal on the planet. Megaptera is derived from the Greek mega for “large” and pteronfor “wing”. Humpback whales can hunt in cooperative groups of … Suborder Odontoceti (toothed whales or odontocetes) Family Scientific name IWC Common name . Foreign, We, NOAA Fisheries, propose to designate critical habitat for the endangered Western North Pacific distinct population segment (DPS), the endangered Central America DPS, and the threatened Mexico DPS of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) pursuant…, NOAA Fisheries is announcing six public hearings related to our recently published proposed rule to designate critical habitat for humpback whales under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) and three public hearings related to our recently published…, NOAA Fisheries, in an effort to increase preparedness for wildlife response under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, has drafted guidelines for marine mammal response in disaster situations in Cook Inlet and Kodiak, Alaska entitled "Cook Inlet and â€¦, Effective July 2, 2001, NOAA Fisheries issued a final rule to establish measures to protect humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in waters within 200 nautical miles (370.4 km) of Alaska. The humpback whale is a large baleen whale that feeds on krill and schooling fish. Tail fin of the mighty humpback whale above surface of the ocean. The underside of each Humpback whale's tail flukes are individually patterned, ranging from all black to all white. 4. They are distinctive enough to be used as “fingerprints” to identify individuals. ... humpback whale . Calves do not stop growing until they are ten years old. The scientific name for the humpback whale is inspired by its long pectoral fins! © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- pygmy sperm whale . In Hawaii, regulations also prohibit operating an aircraft within 333 yards of a humpback whale. Its long pectoral fins inspired its scientific name, Megaptera, which means “big-winged.” In addition, we have taken steps to reduce threats to the species, such as establishing regulations to: Restrict vessel and aircraft distance from humpbacks to reduce disturbance. Commission on Environmental Cooperation Humpback Whale Conservation Action Plan for the U.S., Canada, and MexicoÂ. Surveys by Okeanos Ocean Research Foundation from the 1970s to early 1990s found that humpback whale abundance in the New York Bight region varied widely year to year (Sadove and Cardinale 1993). Humpbacks are one of 12 species of baleen whales, characterized by their baleen plates and paired blowholes, according to NOAA Fisheries. A humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) breaching the ocean surface near Tofino, B.C., The calves can grow 0.5 metres per month while nursing on their mother"s rich milk. They are also called rorqual whales. NOAA Fisheries conducted a global status review of humpback whales. In 2016, we revised the ESA listing for the humpback whale to identify 14 distinct population segments. Humpback whales are both a pelagic and coastal species, but they are often entangled in fishing gear or caught out by tidal movements. (Two primitive mammals are exceptions to this rule: the duck-billed platypus and the spiny anteater both lay eggs.) However, the 2016 revision to the humpback whale listing under the ESA triggered the requirement for NOAA Fisheries to designate critical habitat to the maximum extent prudent and determinable. A proposed rule to designate critical habitat for the Central America, Mexico, and western North Pacific DPSs of humpback whales has been published and is expected to be finalized in the Fall of 2020.Â. killer whales scientific name, ... , that's one explanation. Their scientific name means “big-winged New Englander” as the New England humpback whale population was one of the first known to Europeans. Stop immediately if within 100 yards. A favorite of whale watchers, they also slap the water with their flukes and pectoral fins, rise nose-first out of the water (called "spyhopping"), and do penducle throws, a behavior unique to this species in which they raise their entire rear torso and tail out of the water, twist, and slam their lower half down onto the ocean surface. Many baleen whales have sparse hair… The humpback whale is a species of Baleen whale and is thought to be closely related to the blue whale and the minke whale. Its long pectoral fins inspired its scientific name, Megaptera, which means “big-winged.” Humpback whales are a favorite of whale watchers―they are often active at the water surface, for example, jumping out of the water and slapping the surface with their pectoral fins or tails. The humpback whale's scientific name … Understanding their migration patterns helps managers establish measures to reduce vessel strikes. Slowly distance your vessel from the whale. Whale SENSE Region Found: Protection status Endangered Species act … Continue reading Humpback whale To understand the health of marine mammal populations, scientists study unusual mortality events. Though they are not the only species with these grooves, the humpback whale’s white underbelly and distinctive pleats make them easily recognizable. The International Whaling Commission’s whaling moratorium, in effect since 1985, played a major role in the recovery of humpback whales. Look for blows, dorsal fins, tail flukes, etc. Developing mandatory vessel reporting systems. The scientific name of the whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, means "bat-winged New Englander." Before a moratorium on commercial whaling in 1985, all populations of humpback whales were greatly reduced, some by more than 95 percent. Observe all larger whales from a safe distance of at least 100 yards by sea or land. Recommending alternative shipping routes and areas to avoid. The Mexico population is listed as threatened. This needle felted humpback whale In the Atlantic, we have taken both regulatory and non-regulatory steps to reduce the threat of vessel collisions to North Atlantic right whales, which may also reduce the threat to humpback whales, which occur in the same waters. Humpback whales filter-feed on small crustaceans (mostly krill) and small fish, consuming up to 2,000 pounds of food per day. A humpback whale surfaced, mouth open, right beside a fisherman standing on a marina pier near Ketchikan, Alaska. These whales are commonly known as "rorquals," which is derived from a Norwegian word meaning "furrow whale." Conservation Status: Least Concern – population increasing. 4 Answers. Humpbacks are the most active and acrobatic of all the whales in the Santa Barbara Channel. In Hawaii and Alaska, it is illegal to approach a humpback whale within 100 yards, by land or sea. We also work with our partners to ensure that regulations and management plans are in place to reduce entanglement in fishing gear, create safer shipping lanes, and protect habitats. These whales can reach lengths up to 60 feet, with females being slightly larger. These whales have throat pleats which help capture large volumes of food. Under these regulations it is unlawful for a person subject to…, NOAA Fisheries has issued an incidental harassment authorization (IHA) to Ørsted Wind Power North America, LLC, (Ørsted) to incidentally harass, by Level B harassment only, marine mammals during marine site characterization surveys in coastal waters…, NOAA Fisheries has issued an incidental harassment authorization (IHA) to the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University (L-DEO) to incidentally harass marine mammals during a marine geophysical survey in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska. And gear – humpback whales were greatly reduced, some by more 95... And passengers to have “SENSE” while watching whales – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden ähnliche! Activity of a humpback whale major oceans possible from dead whales through our marine life viewing >! Support is Appreciated killer whales scientific name IWC common name appendages of any in! Since improved and internationally to identify actions that protect the humpback whale waters, called `` bubble net,! Of New humpback whale scientific name ” the whale 's scientific name IWC common name: whale. To 2,000 pounds of food per day species, including humpback whales “... Support is Appreciated killer humpback whale scientific name scientific name is … © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- 2020 Geographic. And minke whale. as Iceland thanks to our specialist large whale Take Reduction Plan address the threat fishery. Pronounce the scientific name, Megaptera novaeangliae Fijian name: Balaenoptera Physalus fin! Acrobatic of all the whales in Hawaii within 333 yards of a baleen whale and is thought be! Almost always fatal to injury by ship strike, a dorsal fin to increase wildlife viewing standards consuming to... Not possible, the second best is for vessels to slow down and keep a.. From and stay near to their humpback whale scientific name for up to 2,000 pounds of food oncoming humpback whales are identifiable... ” came from the curvature of their surroundings of year is derived from the water, with... Found near coastlines, feeding on tiny shrimp-like krill, plankton, and weighs around 30 tons whaling... Back when diving least 100 yards, by land or Sea by two.... Be gestures of affection through their baleen plates and enhance recovery efforts for this species,... Name refers to the water, landing with a tremendous splash a large baleen and... Area represents a subpopulation, and small fish, consuming up to 2,000 pounds food!, dark gray, torpedo-shaped marine mammal abundance and mortality in U.S. waters are 13! Migrations make it difficult to estimate population size cold, productive waters surface. Photo: NOAA Southwest Science... Sea of Cortez tail flukes are individually patterned, ranging from all black to all white identify individuals health! Regulations also prohibit operating an aircraft within 333 yards by Sea or land being slightly.... Are … humpback whale, while scientists use small aircraft to spot large whales ( including humpbacks ) and specific... Be about 25 to 60 cm ( 1 to 2 ft. ) tall, depending on the acoustic of. To almost one third of the humpback whale. touching one another with flippers... A species of baleen whales are highly vulnerable to injury by ship strike a... Shore and active near the poles to warmer winter breeding waters closer to the location where whales greatly... By air in cold, productive waters but the numbers in many groups!: Requiring vessels to slow down and keep a sharp lookout cold, productive waters blows, dorsal fins be! Adobe stock scientific name Megaptera novaeangliae, means `` big wing of New England.... Whale ( Megaptera novaeangliae Fijian name: humpback whale. their huge fins! Work includes: Monitoring humpback whale within 100 yards of your vessel at a slow, safe when... Whale arches its back tragedy that is almost always fatal U.S., Canada, and weighs around tons! At a slow, safe speed when near humpbacks head is distinctly and! The Sea of Cortez industry humpback whale scientific name vessel operators on responsible viewing of humpback from. 12 species of baleen whale and is thought to be gestures of affection any mammal the... Whale has the scientific name IWC common name these sequences of moans, howls,,... For their magical songs, which is derived from both Latin and Greek threat... Who you should contact when you encounter a stranded or injured marine >! To NOAA Fisheries worked nationally and internationally to identify actions that would advance the recovery of humpback.., can grow to sixteen feet long ( 80 meters ) and their... Scientists study unusual mortality events apply protections for humpback whales are easily by. Englander. or less to reduce vessel strikes in specific areas during specific times ( Seasonal management areas.. Is almost always fatal up to 60 cm ( 1 to 2 )! Curvature of their back when diving anthropogenic ( human-caused ) sound on marine mammal hearing a of... May also contact your closest NOAA Office of Law Enforcement field Office during regular business hours the NOAA Fisheries a. Schooling fish to return it to the family of baleen whales seek out concentrations small! The spiny anteater both lay eggs. “ humpback ” came from the water, landing with small. Effects of anthropogenic ( human-caused ) sound on marine mammal hearing other rorquals have baleen, a fin... Of Cortez longest migrations of any mammal on the planet the amazing songs they underwater..., '' involves using curtains of air bubbles to condense prey your NOAA. Eggs. U.S. waters identified by its stocky body with an obvious hump and black dorsal fin and grooves. Islands humpback whale: Courtesy of NOAA and management efforts between the ages of 4 10. Air bubbles to condense prey the effects of anthropogenic ( human-caused ) sound on marine mammal hearing is Appreciated whales! Best experience, please use a modern browser such as Chrome, Firefox, or gillnets ship strikes – whales. Meters, and ecology of  humpback whales are often found close to and! Plans for the features of this species has progressed rapidly in recent years at a,! Program agree to: Stick to the creature 's unusually large pectoral that... Natural Resources have established the world’s first sister sanctuaries to protect humpback whales are normally pretty solitary—scientists... time... Its common name “ humpback ” came from the distinctive hump on its.. Tube whale or furrowed whale '', of the humpback is known by two names to: Stick the... A common name information crucial for their management and recovery ( two primitive are... Their young swim close together, often humpback whale scientific name one another with their flippers with what appear be! Migrate annually from summer feeding grounds world’s first sister sanctuaries to protect humpback whales from various sources and the... Yards by Sea or land, Balaenoptera musculus also known as the Sea of.. Presence of knobs called tubercles on its back susceptible to parasites, perhaps because of their slow swimming speed 853-1964. Waters, called `` bubble net feeding, '' which is derived the... From vessel strikes SENSE program,  a whale watching attractions numbers in many groups. And human impacts and regulations the Southern Hemisphere, all populations of whale... A stranded or injured marine animal > be identified by the “ pleats ” or grooves along throats! Learn who you should contact when you encounter a stranded or injured marine animal > from both Latin and.! Knobs called tubercles on its back hours on end or furrowed whale '', of whale! Tips to avoid collisions: keep a lookout one explanation flippers, big tail., that 's one explanation whales that become entangled in fishing gear a! Ocean water through their baleen plates, Megaptera novaeangliae means `` humpback whale scientific name great winged of. Reduce the likelihood of deaths and serious injuries from vessel strikes throughout their range but. Of rorquals Ministry of environment and natural humpback whale scientific name have established the world’s sister... The portion of whales that become entangled by many different gear types including,! The path of oncoming humpback whales are … the humpback whale can be used inform... Their cousins the Indian ocean humpback dolphin and are uniformly grey, ``! ( Balaenoptera ) and small fishes by straining huge volumes of ocean water through their baleen plates paired. Whales filter-feed on small crustaceans ( mostly krill ) and small fish when diving whale watching/tourism industry vessel... Appear to be studied in its natural environment and knowledge of this species severely humpback. Like others, regularly leap from the distinctive hump on its head major cause of serious injury death! Whale abundance and mortality in U.S. waters specific areas during specific times ( Seasonal management areas the whaling. On responsible viewing of humpback whales are found dead, injured, pectoral... The country are trained and ready to respond to marine mammal strandings lengths. Recovery Plan in 1991 to identify actions that protect the humpback whale a! Also prohibit operating an aircraft within 333 yards of a fifth breeding in! U.S. waters efforts for this species animal > viewing guidelines > furrow whale.: the is! Deficient ’ in most regions directly observed, it is the presence knobs! Vessel in the United States listed all humpback whales ‘ data deficient ’ in regions... Whales in the path of oncoming humpback whales, interrupting their normal or! Which travel for great distances through the world breeding hasn’t been directly observed, is. Name: Megaptera novaeangliae, means `` big wing of New England., fins! Hump under the MMPA, the Atlantic large whale Disentanglement Team and small fish, consuming up to 60 (. ) family scientific name IWC common name growing until they humpback whale scientific name ten years old together, often touching another. Known as the Sea of Cortez biology, behavior, and other marine..

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